something that has internal origin. In response to this theory, Andre Gunder Frank in propounded his. “dependency theory which saw the world’s nations as. J Vol. XIV No. 3 September Dependency Theory: A Review Article. James L. Dietz. Both Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Andre Gunder Frank have been. In response to this theory, Andre Gunder Frank in propounded his “ dependency theory which saw the world’s nations as divided into a.

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Frank argued that a world capitalist system emerged in the 16 th century which progressively locked Latin America, Asia and Africa into an unequal and exploitative relationship with the more powerful European nations. Firstly, the terms of trade continue to benefit Western interests. In the UK announced its intention to put a stop to tied aid. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic.

It was used to explain the causes of overurbanizationa theory that urbanization rates outpaced industrial growth in several developing countries.

Dependency theory

ISI was controlled by elites, and these policies lead to economic growth while increasing inequality. The wealth which flowed from Latin America, Asia and Africa into the European countries provided the funds to kick start the industrial revolution, which enabled European countries to start producing higher value, manufactured goods for export which further accelerated the wealth generating capacity of the colonial powers, and lead to increasing inequality between Europe and the rest of the world.

Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. Using the Latin American dependency model, the Guyanese Marxist historian Walter Rodneyin his book How Europe Underdeveloped Africadescribed in an Africa that had been consciously exploited by European imperialists, leading directly to the modern underdevelopment of most of the continent.

Dependency theorists hold that short-term spurts of growth notwithstanding, long-term growth in the periphery will be imbalanced and unequal, and will tend towards high negative current account balances. According to the view of dependence theory, the core nations develops due to the presence of periphery nations due to the available food,raw materials that makes the underdevelopment of periphery.

He argued that import-substitution industrialisation ISInot a trade-and-export orientationwas the best strategy for underdeveloped countries. Constructivism Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. The former ideological head of the Blekingegade Gang and political activist Torkil Lauesen argues in his book The Global Perspective that political dependenc and practice stemming from dependency theory are more relevant than ever.


It is usually carried out by foreigners, although often in conjunction with local interests. Neo-Gramscianism Critical security studies Critical theory World-systems theory.

Exploitation continued via neo-colonialism — which describes a situation where European powers no longer have direct political control over countries in Latin America, Asia and Africa, but they continue to exploit them economically in more subtle ways.

In the older of the two, plantation agriculture, which originated in colonial timesmost of the ancre goes to the landowners, who use it to emulate the consumption patterns of wealthy people in the gundfr world; much of it thus goes to purchase foreign-produced luxury items —automobiles, clothes, etc.

Prebisch, an Argentine economist at the United Nations Commission for Latin America UNCLAwent on to conclude that the underdeveloped nations must employ some degree of protectionism in trade if they were to enter a self-sustaining development path. Tausch, [12] based on works of Amin from tolists the following main characteristics of periphery capitalism:.

It is argued that, at this stage, the role of unequal exchange in the entire relationship of dependency cannot be underestimated. Others have been accused of environmental destruction and pollution and playing a major role in the eviction of native peoples from their land.

Debt contributes to high infant-mortality rates and low life-expectancy because the money spent servicing debt could be spent on improving the infrastructure of LDCs, especially health and education.

Multinationals The search for new markets encouraged Western companies to expand in size and market their products globally. Additionally, Frank rejects the development belief promoted by Rostow that an accurate way to explain development is to look at the past experiences of countries in North America and Europe.

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This meant that whole populations had effectively gone from growing their own food and producing their own goods, to earning wages thory growing and rrank sugar, tea, or coffee for export back to Europe. This article is about an international relations theory.

He writes about political trends and demographics, the role of the media in politics, comparative politics, political theory, and the domestic and international political economy. The importance of multinational corporations and state promotion of technology were emphasised by the Latin American Structuralists.


Development economics World systems theory. As a result of the unequal distribution of power and resources, some countries have developed at a faster pace than others. Cardoso summarized his version of dependency theory as follows:.

Dependency Theory ~ ReviseSociologyReviseSociology

Archived from the original PDF on 17 March January Learn how and when to remove this template message. Neo-colonialism Frank and others such as Therese Hayter argue that traditional forms of colonialism are giving way to new forms: A good example of this is in India in the ss where cheap imports of textiles manufactured in Britain tyeory local hand-weaving industries.

Liberalism Idealism Democratic peace theory Republican liberalism Institutionalism Neoliberalism Interdependence liberalism Sociological liberalism Institutional liberalism.

The Center countries controlled the technology and the systems for generating technology. World Systems Theory ReviseSociology. In some regions extraction took the simple form of mining precious metals or resources — in the early days of colonialism, for example, the Portuguese gnuder Spanish extracted huge volumes of gold and silver from colonies in South America, and later on, as the industrial revolution took off in Europe, Belgium profited hugely from extracting rubber for car tyres from its colony in Dependecy, and the United Kingdom profited from oil reserves in what is now Saudi Arabia.

Despite extensive investment and aid, some LDCs have experienced little or no economic growth. India is now a rising economic power. Further, some of that surplus must be used for capital accumulation — the purchase of new means of production — if development is to occur; spending the surplus on things like luxury consumption does not produce development. Import substitution industrialisation where industrialisation produces consumer goods that would normally be imported from abroad, as successfully adopted by many South American countries.

In their approach, there is a distinction made between the economic and political spheres: Dependecny a revision timetable to organise your study tehory.