A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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The accounts in Erauso’s document support and show how Erauso and others navigated ideas of gender and identity at that time. Finally, the manuscript was published in in Paris by Julio Didot with the title story of The Nun Lieutenant, written by herself, and a few decades later was republished by Heredia inmarking this version of her autobiography the revival of interest and research into her life.

Meet Catalina De Erauso, The Cross-Dressing Warrior Nun Of 17th-Century Spain

Cloistered life, however, was not for de Erauso. El primer aire de libertad”. This is her story. Catalina, disguised as a man, by the name of Francisco de Loyola, served in the court as a page of the secretary of King Juan de Idiaquez for seven months.

After three years Catalina reached the rank of second lieutenant, but also made himself unwelcome in the city due to his catalima.

This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. One of the three soon fell dead; the two of us pressed on and reached the flag, when my comrade was laid low by a lance thrust; I received a nasty wound in the leg, killed a cacique, who was carrying the standard, recaptured it from him, and set spurs to my horse, trampling, killing and wounding no end, but was badly wounded myself, pierced by three arrows.

However Catalina was also badly injured and the assumption was that he was going to die. For the Mexican film, see The Lieutenant Nun. After being erauwo, she found a company recruiting, whose aim was the conquest of Chile and, beset by the need to find cataljna new job, she enlisted under the command of Captain Gonzalo Rodriguez.

At one point, “he” is almost forced to marry a woman, at another, “he” is dismissed when caught in a compromising position with a young woman. Encyclopedia of Lesbian and Gay Histories and Cultures.

Can we help you find what you’re looking for? From an early age she took part with her father and brothers in the arts of warfare.

After a few more days she gave me to understand that she would consider it a favor if I would marry the daughter that she had there with her. During this time she killed her erauo, stole hundreds of pesos, fought many duels, and took several female lovers. Search the University Website Search or browse our sitemap. Then, later in the s, she appeared as a “melancholy lesbian whose lover dies and erauuso voyeuristic lesbian whose narrative ends with the optimistic image of the protagonist accompanied by the object of her sexual desire.


After another dizzying array of adventures and misadventures–he is promoted, he is suspended, he is imprisoned, he deserts dde army, he commits heinous crimes, including murder, for which he is condemned to death and then reprieved–in Erauso is forced to reveal “her” identity as a woman.

Erauso, Catalina de (1592–1635)

It is also true that the picaresque evolved out of the real adventures of people who revolted against the social strictures of a highly structured society and survived by their wits and agility. According to the Peruvian author Ricardo Palmashe was the only Spanish survivor of the battle. Ten Notable Women of Latin America.

rrauso Center for Basque Studies celebrates 50 years of research and outreach Pick up a book for someone special this holiday season High honor for contributors to 40 years of Basque publishing, preserving culture and history.

In the story of her life, it is difficult to separate fact from myth, truth from fiction; even the volume that appeared as her autobiography, years after it was alleged to have been written, may be apocryphal, and her death is shrouded in mystery. She stayed with him for 3 months, during which she learnt some Latin. Off he went to manage a store in Trujillo on the coast.

The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Catalina de Erauso, “the Lieutenant Nun”

When Catalina returned to Spain crowds of people lined the streets to catch a glimpse of the Lieutenant Nun. I made myself a pair of trousers from a skirt of blue cloth that I had, and a shirt and leggings from the green shift that I wore underneath. So fact becomes impossible to distinguish from fiction, and legends are born. Report a bad ad experience. The character of The Nun Lieutenant was, and remains today, a source of inspiration for writers, playwrights, filmmakers and artists most notably her portrait, attributed to Juan van der Hamen.

Catalina de Erauso was detained in her cell because of the constant fights she had with a widowed novice named Catalina de Alirli. She died twenty years later inreportedly of a heart attack.

The book was published in France in under the title of The Nun Lieutenant. Now, more than twenty years later, the discussion is still complicated, with many scholars of gender and sexuality suggesting Erauso was transgender, still others continuing the debate about trying to understand the identity of a seventeenth-century person using twenty-first century concepts.


Then, according to her autobiography, “I cut off my hair and threw it away, and the third night I started off I knew not where, scurrying over roads and skirting villages so as to get far away.

From the beginning, Catalina rebelled against the restrictions of catalona life. It was normal at that time for girls to be placed in convents at a young reauso to be educated according to Catholic tradition, promoting the learning of tasks appropriate to their sex to be subsequently to be betrothed “as God intended”. There I hid out for three days tracing and cutting clothing.

Eventually, Catalina grew restless wrauso the convent and journeyed back to Cadiz, Spain. Erauso may have settled for a while in Naples, where she wrote the autobiography entitled The Story of erauos Nun-Ensign. The stories of the nun-ensign fit both aspects of the literary tradition.

The ship landed at Veracruz, where Erauso, true to her nature, deserted the navy in favor of joining the Spanish army, which promised more challenges and more risks. This document includes accounts from “witnesses” or others who knew Erauso. The church officials planned to have her enter a convent, cahalina Catalina was no more willing to do this than she had been as a teenager.

Vicious to the native populations, fellow countrymen, and her own family, de Erauso vandalized, burned crops, and even killed her own brother during her time in Chile. Henderson, Linda Roddy, and James D. The reason that their accounts are different is for a few reasons. Catalina passed through Panama having various adventures, and eventually fetched up in modern day Peru, on the western coast of the Empire.

Here as elsewhere, she was a solitary soul, as well as a fierce patriot and soldier, and during this period she was seemingly quite happy. Apparently her physique was not feminine, which helped her with her deception. Nevertheless, finding the encounter too close for comfort, de Erauso fled Valladolid and spent time in Bilbao, Seville, and ultimately back in San Sebastian.

Posted by Sharon L. His adventures during this time make up the bulk of his autobiography and are probably the most fictional part of it. Or an adventure story?