This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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Here the presumption is that he eats in the night for it is impossible for a person to be fat if he does not eat at all]. An Introduction to Indian Philosophy. However, the Nyayasutras and early Nyaya scholars rejected this hypothesis, and were non-theistic or atheists.

The Vaishesika categories are everywhere tacitly assumed in Nyayaand, though on certain points, metaphysical e. Purpose is that with an eye to which one proceeds to act. Earth, water, light, air and ether — these are the elements.

The aphorism may also be explained as follows: Discussion is the adoption of one of two oppos- ing sides. You admit non-perception of the veil though you do not perceive it non-perception. The present aphorism meets the objection by stating that the irregularity cannot be concealed by mere verbal tricks. Purpose refers to the thing which one endeavours to attain or avoid. If a person lias no soul beyond his body he should be freed from sins when the body is destroyed. The first scholar to try his hands on it was the late Dr.


The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

They cannot be distinguished from one another unless tautama refer some of them to a certain genus and others to another genus and so on. This would be impossible unless there was a soul distinct from the senses. I55 Balancing the non-difference trWufir If it were allowed to The course of Nyay a. In reply we say that it is not genus alone that suta meant by a word noun because the manifestation of genus depends on the form and individuality.

By this we can conjecture that there is ray in the eye of man. If you say that the non-existence absence of a mark is’ impossible where there was no mark at all, it is, we reply, not so, because the non-existence absence is possible in reference to a mark elsewhere. If we sutrz a river swollen we infer that there has been rain, if we see the ants carrying off their eggs, we infer that there will be rain and if we byaya a peacock scream, we infer that clouds are gathering.

This is the way in which his release is effected and supreme felicity secured. A posteriori is the knowledge of cause derived from the perception of its effect, e. Remembrance, according to the objectors, is lodged in the thing remembered and does not necessarily presuppose a soul. In other words, no sin would attach to the person who killed living beings if the soul were identical with our transient body. Now, the mind, which is an atomic substance, cannot be conjoined with more than one sense- organ at a time, hence there cannot occur more acts of perception than one at one time.


In fact the nature of your objection is not definite in itself, or in other words, it leads to uncertainty. Sound, continue the objectors, is eternal because it is capable of repetition.

Full text of “The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama”

Keshavashastri, who carried on the work up to a few pages and then apparently gave it up. Tangibility is not incompatible with eternality, e.

Amazon Prime Music Stream millions of songs, ad-free. So in res- pect of letters there is no fixity as to the original materials of their modi- fication. I admit this and ask how you establish the means of right knowledge itself. A ray of the sun is not prevented from reaching a combustible substance though the latter is screened by a crystal.

There is a universal disconnection between “a product” and “not non-eternal,” but there is no such disconnection between ” an object of auditory per- ception” and “not eternal.

The foregoing objection is not valid because we cannot perceive what is screened from us by walls. The ray issuing from the eye is not perceived as it is supersensuous. But i having reached the condition of y may again revert to its original from.

In the case of real modifications there is a fixity as regards their original materials, e.